English time! Usually, used to, to be used to, to get used to y would

Posted on Actualizado enn

Baby it’s cold outside… 

Salon de idiomas, ingles, carabanchel, aptis
Pinterest

Aunque haga frío fuera, en el Salón de Idiomas estamos entrando en calor mientras nos tomamos un té inglés y trabajamos en nuestro blog. Es diciembre y ésta vez nos sentimos inspirados por el frío y la Navidad para trabajar en algo que tantos quebraderos de cabeza da a nuestros alumnos: el uso de used to, usually, get used to, be used to y would.


Usually

Usually se utiliza en inglés como adverbio y significa normalmente, aunque a veces también se traduce como el verbo “soler”.

A diferencia del castellano que sí tiene el verbo “soler”, en inglés no hay un verbo como tal en presente simple, sino un adverbio: usually. No existe “use to” en presente.

Ej.: She usually cleans her car every Sunday at my uncle’s petrol station.

Ella suele lavar su coche cada domingo en la gasolinera de su tío.

Cuál es el orden de los adverbios en una frase?

Used to

Used to es un verbo que se utiliza para hacer referencias a acciones del pasado. That’s why sólo se utiliza sólo en PASADO SIMPLE (acaba en -ed) y además va seguido de un verbo en infinitivo sin to.

Used to da constancia de un hecho en pasado (sin necesidad de ser una costumbre) que ya no ocurre. Es por eso que más que “solía”, la traducción exacta en castellano sería “antes“: I used to be a student (yo antes era estudiante); There used to be a shop at the corner (había una tienda en la esquina -no hay traducción).

Careful!  En oraciones negativas e interrogativas el verbo auxiliar es DID

+ Pete used to help me with the laundry. Pete solía ayudarme con la colada. Antes Pete me ayudaba con la colada.

– Pete DID NOT use to help me with the laundry. Pete no solía ayudarme con la colada antes.

? DID Pete use to help you with the laundry? Pete te ayudaba con la colada antes?

Si a veces quieres decir “antes” en inglés, es probable que sea el “used to” no “before” (antes de algo).

Salon de idiomas, ingles, carabanchel, aptis
Pinterest

To Be used to (estar acostumbrado a)

Formación: to be (verbo-se conjuga) + used to (adjetivo) + sustantivo/gerundio

El verbo to be puede conjugarse en cualquier tiempo.

Noun (un sustantivo)   I am used to the sunny weather of sourthern Spain (Estoy acostumbrada al clima soleado del sur de España).

Gerund (-ing)    I was used to sunbathing in summer (Estoy acostumbrada a tomar el sol en verano).

 

 Un gerundio (palabra que acaba en -ing) suele funcionar como un sustantivo

To get used to (acostumbrarse a algo)

Lo único que lo diferencia del “to be used to” es que “get” implica proceso, no estado.

  • Noun (un nombre)    I get used to the sunny weather of sourthern Spain (Me acostumbro al clima soleado del sur de España).
  • Gerund (-ing)           I got used to sunbathing in summer (Me acostumbré a tomar el sol en verano).

 

Would (solía)

Si antes decíamos que used to se refiere a una acción/hecho que ya no ocurre en el presente y que se debería traducir como “antes” (incluso un “ya no”), ahora nos centramos en “would” como es verdadero pero desconocido “solía”.

Would (cuando no aparece en condicionales) hace referencia a un hábito, acción repetitiva en el pasado que se centra en la costumbre en el pasado, “solía”.

Ej.: I used to be vegetarian and I would eat fruit on a daily basis (Yo antes era vegetariana y solía comer fruta a diario).

Would es un verbo modal y sigue las reglas de los verbos modales (1. no se conjuga, 2. nunca le sigue otro modal y 3. le sigue un infinitivo sin “to”)


 

Guys! keep in mind you have to get used to these verbs and expressions.

Conociendo bien el uso de éstas construcciones, podrás hacer un speaking estupendo ya sea para el examen del First, Advanced o incluso Aptis.

Así que practicad muuuuuuuuuchos ejercicios para get used to them 😉

Go for it! A por ello!

Exercise 1 – usually, used to, be used to, get used to and would.

Salon de idiomas, ingles, carabanchel, aptis
Pinterest
  1. I  ___________ work in a bank, but I changed my career and now I’m an architect.
  2. We ________ go to the cinema very often.
  3. We  ______ eating out every Saturday.
  4. I  _________ getting up early. I’ve been doing it for 30 years.
  5. I’ve been in France for a week and I _______  driving on the right.
  6. I’m ________  having dinner at 6. In my country we eat later.
  7. Do you ________  go to the pub after work?
  8. My father _________  tell us stories when we were in bed.
  9. I ________ be  blond when I was a child.
  10. You’ll have to __________ eating without salt.

Answers 😉 : 1. used to, 2. usually, 3. are used to, 4. am used to, 5. am getting used to, 6. not used to, 7. usually, 8. would, 9. used to, 10. get used to

Exercise 2 – used to and would

Choose the correct answer:

  1. I didn’t__________________live in Madrid.score
  2. We______________often go on holiday in summers.score
  3. When I was a little child, we_____________have a cat as a pet.score
  4. He_________________as a doctor for many years.score
  5. As a child, he never_________________have any money.score
  6. Did you____________like playing cricket at school?score
  7. There never______________a hospital here.score
  8. My mum ____________always read to my sister before bed.

Answers 😉 : 1. used to, 2. would, 3. used to, 4. would, 5. used to, 6. used to, 7.used to, 8. would.

El equipo Salón de Idiomas

 

Anuncios

Estilo indirecto en Inglés- Reported Speech

Posted on Actualizado enn

They say “Hello everybody!” 

Aquí estamos de nuevo con una nueva entrada que esperemos que os ayude muchísimo en vuestro reto de aprender inglés 🙂

Sabéis que hay doy formas en inglés tanto para el escribir o hablar, con es estilo directo como: Today it is a wonderful day!she says. (Hoy es un día bonito!, dice ella) o el estilo indirecto She said that day was a wonderful day! (Ella dijo que ese día fue un día bonito.)

De ahí que muchos tengan dificultades en entender este cambio de los estilos. Por eso, hoy os presentamos el estilo indirecto o reported speech en inglés, que es una forma de reproducir lo que una persona ha dicho.

Importante bear it in mind!

El Estilo directo repite exactamente las palabras que ha dicho una persona y es fácil de reconocer por las comillas. (“…”).

ESTILO DIRECTO

English language is easy to learn”. Robin said “La lengua inglesa es fácil para aprender”, dijo Robin.

Por el contrario el estilo indirecto no lleva comillas y no dice exactamente las palabras del emisor.

ESTILO INDIRECTO

Robin said that the English language was easy to learn. Robin dijo que la lengua inglesa fue fácil.

¿Qué ocurre exactamente con el cambio a Reported speech?

  1. Hay cambio en la estructura de la frase:
  2. Cambia el verbo is>was
  3. Cambia el adverbio today<that day
  4. Cambian los pronombres y demostrativos (no en este caso)

Ahora vamos a ir por partes para que podáis entender los diferentes aspectos que pueden aparecer en una frase.

Los pronombres

Hay que tener en cuenta al emisor, quién lo dice y como se va transformar en el estilo indirecto. Aquí hay una tabla que os puede ayudar.

 

Los Adverbios o expresiones de lugar y tiempo

Si en estilo directo hay un “now“, en el estilo indirecto pasa a ser “then”

Los demostrativos 

  1. This ———– that
  2. These——— those

Los verbos

En esta parte vais a ver los cambios de los tiempos verbales tanto en afirmacionespreguntassugerencias y  órdenes.

Perhaps (quizás) todavía os parece un poco confuso como hacerlo por eso mismo aquí os ponemos unas frases para practicar.

.Alice asked, “Are you busy tonight?

“I am working in an amusement park,” she said.

“We baked a great cake last night,” he said.

“They were living in Paris when their daughter was born,” she said.

“I have been to Jamaica three times,” Aron said.

“We have been waiting for the tickets for three hours,” they said.

They asked, “Had you ever been to London before?”

“I am from New Zealand ,” Patrick  said.

“You must drive carefully here,” the police officer told my husband.

“I am happy” they said.

 

Alice asked me if I was busy that night

She said she was working in a amusement park.

He said they have backed a great cake the previous night.

She said they have been living in Paris when their daughter was born.

Aron said he had been to Jamaica three times.

They said they have been waiting for the tickets for three hours

They asked if I had ever been to London before.

Patrick said he was from New Zealand.

The police officer told my husband that he must drive carefully there.

Entrevista personal – Job interview

Posted on Actualizado enn

Salón de idiomas ofrece clases particulares de ingles en Carabanchel en Madrid

Dear readers 

Aquí estamos de nuevo con un nuevo artículo sobre como hacer una entrevista de trabajo en inglés. Cómo ya sabréis una entrevista  consta de varias partes con sus correspondientes preguntas y por eso empezamos con las…

Esta parte evalúa diferentes actitudes del candidato para que el entrevistador llegue a conocer un poco al potencial empleado. TIPS!!! (sugerencia) contestar a todas las preguntas sobre vuestras habilidades relativas al trabajo, no a la vida personal.

 

-Tell me a little about yourself. (Cuentáme algo sobre ti)

“I grew up in Manchester and studied tourism. I worked as a tour guide for two years and I enjoy reading and swimming.” “Crecí en Manchester y estudié turismo. Trabajé como guía turístico durante dos años y disfruto la lectura y nadar “.

– What are your strenghts? (¿Cuáles son tus fortalezas?)

My strongest trait is in customer service. I listen and pay attention to client’s  needs in order to make them feel  more than satisfied.” “Mi  fortaleza está en el servicio al cliente. Escucho y presto atención a las necesidades del cliente para hacer que se sientan más que satisfechos”.

-What are your weaknesses? (¿Cuáles son tus debilidades?)

“I feel my English ability is my weakest trait. I recognize this as a temporary problem; however I’m definitely trying to study harder to communicate more effectively.” “Mi inglés es mi característica más débil. Reconozco que es un problema temporal, sin embargo, estoy tratando de estudiar más para comunicarme de manera más efectiva”.

 

-What are your short-term goals? (¿Cuales son tus objetivos a corto plazo?)

“My short term goal is to find a position where I can use the knowledge and strengths that I have so far. I want to take part in the growth and success of the company I work for.” “Mi objetivo a corto plazo es encontrar una posición en la que pueda utilizar los conocimientos y las fortalezas que tengo hasta ahora. Quiero participar en el crecimiento y el éxito de la empresa para la que trabajo”.

-What are your long term goals? (Cuales son tus objetivos a largo plazo?)

“I would like to become a manager or even higher. This might be a little ambitious, but I know I’m a hard-working person as well as I’m willing to work hard.” “Me gustaría ser gerente o incluso un puesto más superior. Esto podría ser un poco ambicioso, pero sé que soy una persona trabajadora y estoy dispuesta a trabajar duro”.

-What do you want to be doing five years from now? (¿Qué te gustaría hacer en 5 años?)

“My goal is to become a lead in five years. Although not everyone gets promoted to this level, I believe this could only be possible through hard work and determination.” “Mi objetivo es convertirme en líder en cinco años. Aunque no todos son promovidos a este nivel, creo que esto solo podría ser posible a través del trabajo y la determinación”.

-If you could change one thing about your self, what would it be… (Sí pudieras cambiar alguna cosa de ti,¿cuál sería?)

I have high expectations on personal level and on others as well. I think if I was more understanding, I could help other workers improve instead of being disappointed.” ¨Tengo grandes expectativas a nivel personal y en otros también.Creo que si fuera más comprensivo, podría ayudar a otros trabajadores a mejorar en lugar de decepcionarse “.

-What does success mean to you? (¿Qué significa éxito para ti?)

“Success means to achieve a goal I have set for myself.”    “El éxito significa alcanzar un objetivo que me he propuesto”.

-What does failure mean to you? (¿Que significa el fracaso para tí)

“To me, failure means to fail in achieving a goal.’’           “Para mí, el fracaso significa no lograr un objetivo”.

-Are you an organized person? (¿Eres una persona organizada?)

“I believe I’m quite organized since I plan my work out  by priority and deadlines.  By doing it, I can produce the highest quality work in the amount of time I have.”        “Creo que soy bastante organizado ya que planifico mi trabajo con prioridad y poniendo fechas límite. Así, puedo hacer el trabajo de alta calidad en el tiempo que tengo”.

-In what ways are you organized and disorganized? (¿De qué formas eres organizado/desorganizado?)

“I’m particularly organized with my time and work, but my desk is a little disorganized.”“Estoy particularmente organizado con mi tiempo y trabajo, pero mi escritorio está un poco desorganizado”.

-Do you manage time well? (¿Manejas el tiempo bien?)

“I manage my time well by planning out what I have to do for the whole week. It keeps me on track and even helps me on efficiency.” “Gestiono mi tiempo planificando lo que tengo que hacer durante toda la semana. Hago un seguimiento e incluso me ayuda en cuanto a la eficiencia.

-How do you handle change? (¿Cómo manejas el cambio?)

“I’m good at dealing with change given that I’m a quick thinker. If new information makes us change our marketing strategy for example, I’ll be quick to analyze the information and create a plan to make the changes.”      “Soy bueno con el cambio dado que soy un pensador rápido. Si la información nueva nos hace cambiar nuestra estrategia de marketing, por ejemplo, seré rápido para analizar la información y crear un plan para hacer los cambios”.

-How do you make important decisions? (¿Cómo tomas las decisiones importantes?)

“I make important decisions by examining all the details and then weighing the pro’s and con’s for each decision.”    “Tomo decisiones importantes al examinar todos los detalles y luego sopesar los pros y los contras de cada decisión”.

entrevista de trabajo en inglés salón de idiomas

-Do you work well under pressure? (¿Trabajas bien bajo presión?)

“I work well under pressure because I don’t panic. I maintain self control and work as efficiently as possible. In all my experiences, I did well and I always enjoyed the experience.”“Trabajo bien bajo presión porque no entro en pánico. Mantengo el auto-control y trabajo de la manera más eficiente posible. En todas mis experiencias, lo hice bien y siempre disfruté la experiencia”.

preguntas frecuentes entrevista de trabajo en inglés salón de idiomas

Esta parte contiene preguntas relacionadas con las actividades y logros obtenidos durante tus estudios como por ejemplo unas prácticas.

Did you do any internships? (¿Has hecho algunas práctica?)

“Yes. I did two internships. The first internship was for Smile&More. I worked in the community manager team, and my second internship was for Lush. At Lush, I had the opportunity to work on overseas venture.”           “Sí. Hice dos prácticas. La primera fue para Smile&More. Trabajé en el equipo de community manager, y la segunda fue para Lush. En Lush, tuve la oportunidad de trabajar en una empresa en el extranjero”.

This part (esta parte) contiene preguntas sobre la experiencia profesional general, filosofía de la compañía a la que vas a trabajar y expectativas que el empleado puede tener.

frecuentes preguntas trabajo entrevista salón de idiomas

Tell me about your last position? What did you do and how did you do it? Include the people you worked for and the people you worked with.” “¿Cuéntame sobre tu último puesto? ¿Qué hiciste y cómo lo hiciste? Incluye las personas para las que trabajaste y las personas con las que trabajaste”.

“I was an accounting assistant for a small accounting firm. I performed audits for small to medium size businesses. This involved meeting the clients and retrieving data required to complete the audit. I worked closely with my supervisor.” “Era asistente de contabilidad para una pequeña firma de contabilidad. Realicé auditorias para pequeñas y medianas empresas. Esto implicaba reunirme con los clientes y recuperar los datos necesarios para completar la auditoria. Trabajé estrechamente con mi supervisor”.

 

“What aspects of this job interest you the most?” “¿Qué aspectos de este trabajo te interesan más?”

“I’m very excited about this job because of the variety of different work. I’m always exciting when I can use many of my skills for a job.” “Estoy muy entusiasmado con este trabajo debido a la variedad de trabajos diferentes. Siempre me emociona cuando puedo usar muchas de mis habilidades para un trabajo”

 Why should we hire you? ¿Por qué deberíamos contratarte?

“I have the experience and superior communication ability to be an asset to your company.” “Tengo la experiencia y la capacidad de comunicación para ser un activo para su empresa”.

Finalmente Do You Have Any Questions? alguna pregunta?

Al final de la entrevista, es muy posible que te pidan una opinión o que formules alguna pregunta sobre la empresa o el empleo que solicitas. Una buena idea es que tengas una lista preparada sobre que es lo que vas a preguntar 😉

qué decir en una entrevista de trabajo en inglés

Si quieres tener una buena respuesta a la pregunta de…

¿Cuáles son tus debilidades? 

Consulta el post del Salón de Idiomas.

That’s all folks! Eso es todo amigos!

Cheers!

Equipo Salón de Idiomas

Adjetivos y Adverbios

Posted on Actualizado enn

Brewing something about …

 Los adjetivos y adverbios en inglés para que tengáis a terrific (fantástico no terrorífico) vocabulario lleno de expresiones útiles para vuestro Speaking

  Como ya sabréis los adjetivos sirven para describir y dar información sobre nombres y suelen ir delante del nombre o detrás de un verbo copulativo (to be). Aquí tenéis unos ejemplos :

– She has a beautiful voice..
– ​Ella tiene una bonita voz.

– Your ring is gorgeous.
– Tu anillo es bellisimo.

Además cuando existe más de un adjetivo referido al mismo nombre, estos adjetivos tienen un orden especial.

  1. opinión general – lovely
  2. opinión específica – soft
  3. tamaño -huge
  4. forma – oval
  5. edad – old
  6. color – green
  7. nacionalidad – irish
  8. material – socks

 

Usually, lo normal es que nos encontremos uno o dos adjetivos calificando al nombre, sometimes tres, pero más de tres adjetivos  es bastante raro.

Regarding (en cuanto) los adjetivos que terminan en (-ed), como, por ejemplo, “bored”, “annoyed”, “pleased” y otros muchos, se suelen utilizar generalmente tras verbos copulativos. Además este tipo de adjetivos, así como todos los que expresan estados, van detrás del verbo:

– My aunt was pleased with my drawings.
– Mi madre estaba contenta con mis notas.

– My cousin was glad when I told her about my stag party
– Mi  prima estaba contenta cuando le hablé de mi fiesta de despedida de soletra

Besides (además) del uso general de los adjetivos, hay también los grados del adjetivo como:

  • Intensificadores

Cuando queremos intensificar el significado de los adjetivos, utilizamos ciertos adverbios, como “very” o “really”. Estos son adverbios intensificadores.

very (muy),  really (verdaderamente),  extremely (extremadamente), amazingly (sorprendentemente),  exceptionally (excepcionalmente), incredibly (increíblemente),  remarkably (notablemente), particularly (particularmente),  enough (suficiente) *después del adjetivo…

His daughter is exceptionally brilliant.—– Su hija es excepcionalmente brillante.

The pie you baked last night was really marvelous. ——- El pastel que hiciste ayer noche fue realmente maravilloso.

Her dad was extremely upset with her.  —— Su padre estaba sumamente molesto con ella.

I am old enough to drive a car. —— Soy lo suficientemente mayor para conducir un coche.

Además algunos intensificadores se pueden utilizar con adjetivo particulares.

dangerously ill/fast (peligrosamente enfermo/rápida), 

 seriously injured/damaged (seriamente herido/dañado)

      highly successful/intelligent (altamente exitosa/inteligente),  

bitterly disappointed/cold (terriblemente decepcionado/frío)

 

…  asimismo con adjetivos comparativos utilizando;

much (mucho), a lot (mucho),  a great deal (mucho),  a good bit (bastante)…

Dave is much faster than me. (Dave es mucho más rápido que yo.)

My brother is a lot taller than my father.(Mi hermano es mucho más grande que mi padre.

 

FInally, aquí  hay unos intensificadores que se utilizan con adjetivos con valor superlativo tales como:

easily (fácilmente), by far (sin duda)

My uncle is by far the most intelligent person I know.(Mi tio es sin duda la persona más inteligente que conozco.)

My  essay was easily the longest in the class.(Mi ensayo era fácilmente el más largo de la clase.)

  • Mitigadores

By contrast (lo contrario) de los intensificadores son los adverbios mitigadores, o sea aquellos que reducen o disminuyen el significado del adjetivo.

rather, quite, pretty*(informal), fairly”(‘bastante’)

The movie was fairly boring.(La película era bastante aburrida.)

The students were rather quiet in class.(Los estudiantes eran bastante tranquilos en clase.)

Quite” es un adverbio mitigador cuando lo utilizamos con adjetivos normales, pero cuando lo utilizamos con adjetivos con valor superlativo, significa “absolutely”:

– The teenaged student was quite brilliant.
– El estudiante adolescente era completamente brillante.

También se puede mitigar el significado de comparativos con expresiones como

 a bit (un poco), rather (bastante),  a little bit (un poco),  slightly (un poco)…

Malcom is a bit faster than me.(Malcom es un poco más rápido que yo.)

My nephew is slightly taller than his father.(Mi nieto es un poco más alto que su padre.)

 

Estos consejos te pueden servir en tu preparación para el examen Aptis Advanced en la parte de writing. En el Salón de Idiomas les decimos a nuestros alumnos que un buen vocabulario proporciona seguridad al hablar inglés con fluidez.

Adverbios en inglés útiles para Speaking y Writing

Posted on Actualizado enn

 

Dear young ladies and gentlemen…

Aprender de una forma divertida en el Salon de Idiomas
Mejora tu vocabulario con estos adverbios

¿Qué es un adverbio?

Pues una palabra que modifica un verbo, un adjetivo u otro adverbio, expresando manera, lugar, tiempo o grado; Aquí podéis ver algunos ejemplos de adverbios en inglés.

  • Robin speaks loudly. (How does Robin speak?) –  Robin habla alto (tono de voz). ¿Cómo habla Robin?
  • Afterwards he smoked a cigarette. (When did he smoke?) – Después el fumó un cigarrillo. ¿Cuándo fumó?
  • Kate lives locally. (Where does Mary live?). Kate vive

Pero los adverbios también pueden modificar los adjetivos (Anne is really pretty – Anne es realmente hermosa), o incluso otros adverbios (Funciona muy bien). Mira estos ejemplos:

Modifica un adjetivo:
– Paul is really handsome. (How handsome is he?) – – Paul es muy guapo. (¿Como de guapo es él?)
– That was extremely kind of you. – Eso fue extremadamente amable de tu parte.

Modifica otro adverbio:
– She drives incredibly slowly. (How slowly does she drive?) – Conduce increíblemente despacio. (¿Qué tan lento conduce ella?)
– He drives extremely fast. – Conduce extremadamente rápido.

 

Asimismo, los adverbios tienen otra función también como:

Modificar una oración completa:
-Obviamente, no puedo saberlo todo.

¿Cómo se coloca un adverbio en una frase?

  • Entre el sujeto y el verbo. – She slowly got up and went to have breakfast.
  • Después del verbo “to be”. – I am definitely mad at him.
  • Entre el auxiliar/modal y el verbo. – He has certainly changed his mind after that. He can indeed surprise me.

Os dejamos varios listados de adverbios. Es muy importante que te estudies y vayas incorporando los adverbios acabados en -ly a tu conversación.

Adverbios de Modo

Son los adjetivos a los que se le añaden -ly y modifican la acción del verbo. 

Adverbios de Grado

Puede modificar verbos, adjetivos y otros adverbios, y nos dice hasta qué punto sucede algo.
accidentally
angrily
anxiously
awkwardly -embarazosamente
badly
beautifully
blindly
boldly – valientemente
bravely
brightly
busily
calmly
carefully
carelessly
cautiously
cheerfully
clearly
closely
correctly
courageously
cruelly
daringly – osadamente
deliberately
doubtfully
eagerly
easily
elegantly
enormously
enthusiastically
equally
eventually– a la larga
exactly
faithfully – fielmente
fast
fatally
fiercely
fondly
foolishly
fortunately
frankly
frantically
generously
gently
gladly
gracefully
greedily
happily
hard
hastily
healthily
honestly
hungrily
hurriedly
inadequately
ingeniously
innocently
inquisitively
irritably
joyously
justly
kindly
lazily
loosely – flojamente
loudly
madly
mortally
mysteriously
neatly –con esmero
nervously
noisily
obediently
openly
painfully
patiently
perfectly
politely
poorly
powerfully
promptly –  inmediatamente
punctually
quickly
quietly
rapidly
rarely
really
recklessly – aturdidamente
regularly
reluctantly – de mala gana
repeatedly
rightfully
roughly – aproximadamente
rudely
sadly
safely
selfishly
sensibly
seriously
sharply
shyly
silently
sleepily
slowly
smoothly
so
softly
solemnly
speedily
stealthily – clandestinamente
sternly – severamente
straight
stupidly
successfully
suddenly
suspiciously
swiftly – rápidamente
tenderly – tiernamente
tensely
thoughtfully – pensativamente
tightly
truthfully
unexpectedly
victoriously
violently
vivaciously
warmly
weakly
wearily
well
wildly
wisely
almost
absolutely
awfully*
badly*
barely (apenas)

certainly
completely

decidedly
deeply
enough
enormously
entirely
extremely
fairly
far
fully
greatly

hardly
highly
how
incredibly
indeed
intensely
just

least
less
little
lots
most
much

nearly

perfectly
positively
practically
pretty*
purely
quite

rather
really

scarcely apenas
simply –
simplemente
strongly – fuertemente
terribly* –
terriblemente
thoroughly
a fondo, detalladamente
totally –
totalmente
utterly
absolutamente
virtually
prácticamente

Te recomendamos algunos adverbios para adaptarlos a tu léxico y conversación.aprender idiomas, ingles, salon de idiomas, carabanchel, cursos intensivos, adverbios, adverbios en ingles, adverbios ly ingles, lista adverbios ingles, lista adverbios ly ingles, lista adverbios ly ingles, virtually en ingles, aprender ingles, salon de idiomas, crear adverbios ingles, adverbios ingles pdf

Adverbios de Lugar

Modifica los verbos y nos dice el lugar (dónde) ocurre algo.

Adverbios de Tiempo
Modifica los verbos y nos dice cuando lago sucede.
about

  • above
  • abroad
  • anywhere
  • away

back

  • backwards (also backward)
  • behind
  • below

down

  • downstairs

east (etc)

  • elsewhere

far

here

in

  • indoors
  • inside

near
nearby
off
on
out
outside
over
there
towards
under
up
upstairs
wherere

Common suffixes

-wards or -ward (backwards, downwards, eastward, forwards, homewards, upwards) – expresan movimiemnto en una dirección especifica.

-where (anywhere, everywhere, nowhere, somewhere)

Ten en cuenta que algunos adverbios también pueden ser preposiciones. 

She was waiting with a red scarf on. (adverbio)

She put the red scarf on the table. (preposicion)

Points of time (definite)

  • now
  • then
  • today
  • tomorrow
  • tonight
  • yesterday

Frequency (definite)

  • annually
  • daily
  • fortnightly
  • hourly
  • monthly
  • nightly
  • quarterly
  • weekly
  • yearly

*The word bimonthly is ambiguous and best avoided. Bimonthly can mean “twice a month” or “every two months”. The same is true of biyearly and biannually.

Frequency (indefinite)

  • always
  • constantly
  • ever
  • frequently
  • generally
  • infrequently
  • never
  • normally
  • occasionally
  • often
  • rarely
  • regularly
  • seldom
  • sometimes
  • regularly
  • usually
relationships in time (indefinite)

  • already
  • before
  • early
  • earlier
  • eventually
  • finally
  • first
  • formerly
  • just
  • last
  • late
  • later
  • lately
  • next
  • previously
  • recently
  • since
  • soon
  • still
  • yet
aprender idiomas, carabanchel, salon de idiomas, cursos intensivos, vocabulario, adverbios ingles, adverbios listado ingles, listado adverbios ly, lista adverbios ingles ly, adverbs with ly in english, adverbios con ly, lista adverbios ingles
Ya sabes, lleva un poco de tiempo, pero intenta siempre usar algún adverbio en inglés en tu speech

Bueno esta es una explicación más o menos concreta sobre los adverbios en inglés, qué tan útiles son para el Speaking  (habla) y Writing (escribir) también independientemente del nivel que se tengas.

Por último, os queremos dar “Mucho ánimo!¨ y, recuerda,  Never give up! (Nunca os rindáis 😉

Cheers!

Raa, Rox, Vic & Vio

Equipo Salón de Idiomas

Expresiones útiles para el Speaking (opinión, estar de acuerdo, desacuerdo)

Posted on Actualizado enn

Queridos lectores,

¿Qué tal lleváis el otoño? ¿Contentos como en verano o menos? Esperamos que sí porque hay que estar contento y con ganas de Speaking of course. Por eso desde el Salón de Idiomas os traemos novedades, en este caso un bonito cuadro con expresiones útiles para el Speaking tanto si es one-to-one o monologo.

SHOW INTEREST IN THE TOPIC

  • Really?
  • That’s interesting!
  • Right!
  • I see
  • I can’t believe it!
  • Reply questions: I went to Paris – Did you?
  • Uh huh
  • As you said before, … (referring to what the other speaker said before shows you’ve been paying attention)

 

DIRECT THE CONVERSATION TOWARDS THE TOPIC

  • By the way,
  • Speaking of…
  • That reminds me of…

 

 

 

FILLERS

  • So,
  • You see, …
  • …, you see, …
  • You know,
  • I mean,
  • …, like,… (too informal)

 

CHECK THAT THEY’RE UNDERSTANDING YOU

 

  • Right?
  • OK?

 

KEEPING YOUR LISTENER ENGAGED

  • Rhetorical questions (questions you don’t really expect an answer for, you sort of answer them yourself):

What do I mean by that?  / Is smoking dangerous? Of course it is

  • As you very well know, …

 

LOOKING FOR AGREEMENT:

  • Don’t you think?
  • Question tags (Isn’t it, has it…)
  • You know what I mean,

 

GIVING THE FLOOR (turn to speak):

 

  • Don’t you think?
  • Question tags (Isn’t it, has it…)

 

AGREEING:

  • Absolutely
  • I see what you mean
  • I see your point
  • You have a point there.
  • Exactly
  • Definitely
  • I agree with you / him …
  •  I share your view… I think so.                                     
  • I really think so.
    (The author / the narrator / the protagonist / etc.) is  right 
  • He is quite right / absolutely right  
  •  He may be right.
    I have no objection. 
  •  I approve of it.    
  •  I have come to the same conclusion           
  •  I hold the same opinion.             
  •  We are of one mind / of the same mind on that question. 
  • I am at one with him on that point.
  •  It is true/ That is right.
  • That’s just it !  Fair enough!  Quite so ! Just so!   Yes of  course !

 

DISAGREEING

  • I see your point, but…
  • Your point is well taken, but …
  • I beg to differ
  • (I’m afraid) That’s not always the case
  • I don’t agree/  I disagree / I don’t think so.
  • You are / he is wrong /  I think otherwise
  •  I don’t think that’s quite right.
  • I don’t agree with you/him.    
  •  I don’t agree with what you say.      
  •  I am afraid that is not quite true.
  • I take a different view. 
  •  I don’t share his/her/your view.           
  • This argument does not hold water.
    Not at all ! Nonsens!    Rubbish !
  • He’s off his head !

 

SAYING “NO”

  • Not really, no (rather than a plain “no”)

ex. –Do you like football? –  Not really, no (instead of “noooo!”)

  • I don’t think so.

ex. Are you coming? – I don’t think so

GIVING OPINION:

  • Personally, I think this is a good question
  • I don’t know about you, but I …
  • I feel (strongly) that…
  • I (strongly) believe that…
  • It seems to me that…
  • I have the impression that…
  • I reckon…(informal)
  • Speaking from personal experience,
  • For me personally,

 

USEFUL EXPRESSIONS TO EXPRESS YOUR OPINION

 

In my opinion, …   In my eyes, …

To my mind, …  As far as I am concerned…  Speaking personally, …

From my point of view, …   As for me / As to me, …

My view / opinion / belief / impression / conviction is that …                                  

 I hold the view that …

I would say that …   It seems to me that …  I am of the opinion that …

My impression is that …                         

I am under the impression that …  It is my impression that

I have the feeling that …                        

 My own feeling on the subject is that …

I have no doubt that …                           

 I am sure / I am certain that …           

I think / consider / find / feel / believe / suppose / presume / assume that …

I hold the opinion that …  (I form / adopt an opinion.)                    

 I dare say that …

I guess that …  I bet that ….   I gather that …

It goes without saying that …                 

ASKING FOR THE OTHER SPEAKER’S OPINION:

  • How do you feel about…?
  • What’s your take on…?
  • Where do you stand on….?
  • What are your thoughts on this?
  • What do you reckon (informal)?

 

INTERRUPTING:

  • I’m sorry to interrupt, but…
  • Can I interrupt you just for a second (here)?

SUMMARISING:

  • In a nutshell,
  • To make a long story short

REPHRASING:

  • In other words,
  • …, that is to say, …

 

 
   

 

Giving Opinions

Elementary

 

  1. I (really) think that …
  2. I believe (that) …
  3. I’m sure that …
  4. In my opinion / My opinion is …

 

Pre-intermediate

  1. I agree with …
  2. I feel that …
  3. I guess/imagine …
  4. I have no doubt that / I’m certain that …
  5. I strongly believe that …
  6. I’ve never really thought about this before, but …
  7. My personal opinion is that / Personally, my opinion is that …
  8. To be honest / In my honest opinion, …

 

Intermediate

  1. As far as I know, …
  2. I agree with the opinion of …
  3. I could be wrong, but …
  4. I’d definitely say that …
  5. I’d guess/imagine that …
  6. I’d say that …
  7. I’m absolutely certain that …
  8. I’m fairly confident that …
  9. I’m no expert (on this), but …
  10. I’m positive that …
  11. I’m pretty sure that …
  12. It seems to me that …
  13. It’s a complicated/difficult issue, but …
  14. My (point of) view (on this) is …
  15. Obviously, …
  16. Some people may disagree with me, but …
  17. This is just my opinion, but …
  18. Without a doubt, …
  19. You probably won’t agree, but …

 

Upper-intermediate

  1. After much thought, …
  2. After weighing up both sides of the argument, …
  3. Although I can see both points of view / Although I can understand the opposite point of view, …
  4. As I see it, …
  5. Correct me if I’m wrong, but …
  6. For me/ From my point of view, …
  7. Frankly, …
  8. I am not very familiar with this topic, but …
  9. I do believe/ feel/think …
  10. I have come to the conclusion that …
  11. I might change my mind later, but …
  12. I reckon/suppose …
  13. I tend to think that …
  14. I’m not sure I’m the right person to ask, but / I have very limited experience of this, but …
  15. I’m pretty confident that …
  16. I’ve always thought that …
  17. If you ask me, …
  18. I’m (absolutely) convinced that …
  19. In my humble opinion / IMHO, …
  20. It could be said that …
  21. It seems clear to me that …
  22. It would seem to me that …
  23. My initial reaction is …
  24. Not everyone will/would agree with me, but …
  25. Personally speaking / Speaking for myself, …
  26. The way I see it (is) …
  27. To be (perfectly) frank, …
  28. To the best of my knowledge, …
  29. What I think is …
  30. You could say …

 

Advanced

  1. After giving this matter some (serious) thought, …
  2. As far as I’m concerned, …
  3. As the old saying goes, …
  4. Having given this question due consideration, …
  5. I am of the opinion that …
  6. I can’t help thinking that …
  7. I know this is a minority view, but / I’m in the minority in thinking that …
  8. I tend towards the opinion that …
  9. I think it’s fair/reasonable to say …
  10. I’ll tell you what I think, …
  11. I’m entirely/quite convinced that …
  12. I’ve come the conclusion that …
  13. If I must come up with an opinion / If you (really) want my opinion, …
  14. In my limited experience, …
  15. It could/might well be that …
  16. Know what I think? …
  17. My opinion was best expressed by … when s/he said/wrote …
  18. My view/position on this (issue) (is clear and) is that …
  19. Off the top of my head, …
  20. Plainly, …
  21. Quite frankly, …
  22. There is a part of me that says …
  23. This may well be controversial, but …
  24. To my mind / To my way of thinking, …
  25. To summarise my (rather complex) views on the matter, …
  26. What I always say is …
  27. With some reservations, …
  28. Without a shred/shadow of doubt, …
  29. You’d have to be crazy not to agree that / Any idiot can see that …

 

 

Si estás interesado en recibir información sobre el examen Aptis Advance para tu habilitación lingüística, contáctanos. Salón de Idiomas.

APTIS GENERAL – Grammar & Vocabulary

Posted on Actualizado enn

Hello once again!

clases de inglés aptis general

En la entrada anterior del Blog de  Salón de Idiomas os hablamos de la parte correspondiente al writing del examen Aptis General.

Cómo ya sabréis el examen APTIS GENERAL consta de 4 partes, el Speaking, el Writing, Reading y Grammar and Vocabulary. Esta vez os traemos ejemplos de ejercicios de la gramática y del vocabulario, ejemplos basados en los exámenes reales.

La parte del  Aptis Grammar and Vocabulary  consta de dos secciones,la gramática con 25 preguntas y el vocabulario con 25 preguntas también. El tiempo total para realizar esta parte es de 25 minutos

Aquí abajo podréis encontrar la parte de ejercicios de Gramática y Vocabulario para practicar. Las respuestas a cada pregunta las encontrareis abajo del todo.

1 – Grammar

1 Ann just heard her cousin is  ____ get married in August.

 

a) going

b) go to

c) going to

2 Sarah doesn’t think it’s right ____ children to play with yo-yo

 

a) that

b) to

c) for

 

3 We  wish it ____ the time of year when we could go on that hiking trip.

 

a) will be

b) were

c) is

 

4 You ____ to finish your assignment by tomorrow.

 

a) should

b) have

c) must

 

5 William ____ in South Africa now.

 

a) is living

b) was living

c) will live

 

6 She is single. She never ____ .

 

a) marries

b) marrying

c) married

 

7 ____ you like to join me this evening?

 

a) Would

b) Will

c) Can

 

8 In those days, my grandfather ____ never eat supper after seven o’clock.

 

a) will

b) used to

c) would

 

9 There were ____ than twenty people in the audience last week.

 

a) fewer

b) lesser

c) few

 

10 Excuse me, I’m lost. __ you help me?

 

a)Should

b)Shall

c)Could

 

11 We could cook lunch.  ____ , we could buy some take away food.

 

a)Therefore

b) On the other hand

c)Although

 

12 The kids____ playing hide and seek for two hours before it started raining.

 

a)had been

b) have been

c) has been

 

13 She ____ in Rio de Janeiro.

 

a)living

b) live

c)  lives

 

14 I read every day ____ I’m not serious.

 

a) but

b) because

c) and

 

15 A: I enjoy working on challenging assignments.

 

B: So ____ I!

a) do

b) am

c) can

 

16 That man’s so unreliable – you can’t trust him. ____

 

a) I wouldn’t work frankly with him.

b) Frankly, I wouldn’t work with him.

c) I wouldn’t frankly work with him.

 

17 How much ____ the bus to Seville cost?

 

a) is

b) does

c) do

 

18 The documentary starts _ half past four.

 

a) on

b) at

c) in

 

19 If you were a better handyman, we ____ need to the plumber all the time.

 

a) hadn’t

b) wouldn’t

c) won’t

 

20 You ____ have caught the early bus, as the football match was delayed.

 

a) needn’t

b)  mustn’t

c) didn’t

 

21 She ____ finished cleaning when we arrived.

 

a) has

b) have

c) had

 

22 Mark  ____ to work when he saw Kevin.

 

a) going

b) went

c) was going

23 They found the hole ______ the treasure had been buried.

 

a) –

b) where

c) that

 

 

24 “Don’t wait for us.”

Our friends told us _____________

 

a) don’t wait

b) didn’t wait

c) not to wait

 

25 The Friday morning lectures are usually quite _______

 

a) boring

b) bored

c) not to wait

 

 

 

2- Vocabulary

gramática aptis salón de idiomas

La parte del vocabulario cuenta con varias secciones. Estas son:

a) Sinónimos o palabra con el mismo significado.

  • small = 
  • study = 
  • get = 
  • begin = 
  • speak = 
  • pick = 

Palabras a elegir: slight, learn, obtain, start, communicate, choose

b) Colocar la palabra adecuada para cada definición.

  • to discover or perceive after consideration is to ________
  • to bring together into one group, collection, or place is to _________
  • to put or fit together; put together the parts of is to _________
  • to make greater, as in number, size, strength, or quality; augment; add to is to ___________
  • to increase; raise or to ________

Palabras a elegir: find, boost, increase, gather, assemble

c) Completa los huecos con la palabra correspondiente.

  • The paper _________ was followed by a reform of the metallic currency
  • A _________  of teachers has put thousands of students in overcrowded classrooms.
  • _______  cats roamed around the gas station
  • This isn’t ______  for you, is it?
  • The young man’s _______ flew through the air and hit the pavement.

Palabras a elegir: spit, easy, currency, shortage, wild

d)  Completa con el sinónimo adecuado.

  • calf- __________
  • amazing – __________
  • brave – _______
  • funny – __________
  • hurry – ___________

Palabras a elegir: wonderful, urge, silly, baby cow, courageous

e) Completa con la palabra adecuada para obtener una compuesta.

  • black – ________
  • book – ________
  • hear –  ________
  • old   –  _________
  • police – _________

Palabras a elegir: and soul, dog, English, review, hole

 

So folks… eso es todo, en cuánto a la parte de gramática y vocabulario.

Esperamos que os ayude a practicar para vuestro examen.

 

See you next time!

Equipo Salón de Idiomas

Si estás interesado en recibir información sobre el examen Aptis Advance para tu habilitación lingüística, contáctanos. Salón de Idiomas.

APTIS GENERAL – Writing part

Posted on Actualizado enn

 Hello folks!

 

Aquí estamos de nuevo con una nueva entrada del examen Aptis General. Ya os hablamos sobre la parte de Speaking de Aptis General en el post anterior. Esperamos que os sirviera pues nos encanta echar una mano con todo lo que podemos. Queremos explicar con detalle todos los aspectos de este examen, así que no os despeguéis de nuestro Blog. Entérate de todos los trucos para el Aptis General en el Blog oficial y prepárate para el aprobado.

Un poquito sobre como va el examen.

 

Por si lo sabéis o no el ejercicio Writing tiene 4 partes:

Task 1 (primera tarea)

Se trata de completar con información básica sobre ti. Desde el nombre, dirección e intereses. Duración 3 minutos

 

PART 1 – Elderly Care Volunteer Organization

You want to join a volunteer organization for elderly people. Complete the form. You have 3 minutes.

 

  • Email:
  • First Name:
  • Last Name:
  • Birthday:
  • Country:
  • Address:
  • City:
  • Postal Code:
  • Phone:
  • Occupation:
  • Profile Picture:
  • I’m willing to:
  • – Help out with handiwork
  • – Help out with gardening
  • – Help out with carrying groceries
  • – Help out with running errands, give rides
  • – Entertain: I can sing, dance, and make you laugh!
  • – Help out with making phone calls, writing letters, and reading
  • – Help with cleaning
  • – Help with cooking

Task 2 (segunda tarea)

Se trata de contestar mediante un texto corto a varias preguntas de carácter personal.

Entre 20 -30 palabras para utilizar y 7 minutos de duración.

 

PART 2 – Elderly Care Volunteer Organization

You are a new member of a volunteer club. Fill in the form. Write in sentences. Use 20-30 words. You have 7 minutes.

 

Please tell us something about you and why do you want to be an elderly helper for our organization.

 

Task 3 (tercera tarea)

Esta parte consta de tres preguntas a las que hay que responder en 10 minutos y con unas 40 palabras.

 

PART 3 Elderly Care Volunteer Organization

You are a new member of Elderly Care Volunteer Organization. You’re talking to Kate in the new member chat room. Talk to Kate  using complete sentences. Use 30 to 40 words per answer. You have 10 minutes.

K: Hello. I see you’re new to our organization. I’ve been a member for nearly three years now. Why did you decide to join? * Maximum 40 words, 3 minutes.
K: What skills and experience do you want to develop? * Maximum 40 words, 3 minutes.
K: How Much Time Can You Really Commit? * Maximum 40 words, 3 minutes.

Task 4 (cuarta parte)

Esta parte consta de dos tareas a realizar. o sea escribir dos cartas.

Una carta informal dirigida a un amigo/a de 50 palabras en un tiempo de 10 minutos.

Una carta formal dirigida a la administración, secretaría de alguna empresa, institución de 120-150 palabras y un tiempo de 20 minutos.

Ambas cartas tienen la misma temática

*Importante en esta parte el uso de vocabulario, normalmente estados emocionales o feelings, así como sugerencias y propuestas que tendrás que hacer.

PART 4 Elderly Care Volunteer Organization

 

You are a new member of Elderly Care Volunteer Organization. On your last visit to their website you saw the notice below.

Dear valued members,

We are sorry to inform you that from next month we have to ask you for a little aid. This means to support our organization with a monthly fee of 10£ for elderlies activities and excursions, that will take place on the 17 of December. We know that, perhaps, not all of you are willing for this sacrifice, however the organization has thought about a reward for all of its members.

 

If you have any comments or suggestions, please feel free to email us at

members.aid@elderlycarevolunteer.com

 

Write an email to a friend who also is a member of the Elderly Care Volunteer Organization. Write your feelings about the notice and suggest possible alternatives. Write about 50 words. You have 10 minutes.

Now, write an email to the Members Aid Team, explaining your feelings about the notice and suggesting possible alternatives. Write 120-150 words. You have 20 minutes.

Si estás interesado en recibir información sobre el examen Aptis Advance para tu habilitación lingüística, contáctanos. Salón de Idiomas.

APTIS GENERAL – Speaking part

Posted on Actualizado enn

 Hello guys!

Here we are once again, aquí estamos de nuevo con mucha ilusión para compartir con vosotros algo que últimamente se esta demandando mucho. El examen  Aptis General y esta vez os traemos la parte del Speaking.

Por si lo sabéis o no, el Speaking de APTIS GENERAL  consta de 4 partes.

Parte 1 Información personal 

Consta de 3 preguntas y 30 segundos para contestar cada una.

Algunos ejemplos de información personal pueden ser: family (la familia), my job (mi trabajo), weather (el tiempo), likes and dislikes (gustos y aversiones), daily routine (rutina diaria), interest and leisure (ocio y tiempo libre), holidays and travel (vacaciones y viajes), future plans (planes futuros), books (libros), films (películas), food (comida), health and fitness (salud y ejercicio físico), media (medios de comunicación), learning (aprendizaje) etc.

Para practicar

Recomendamos leer otra vez la pregunta y contestar como por ejemplo

”What is your village,town or city like? It is …….

Sí necesitas tiempo para pensar podrías decir:  Well … Let me see … o … I would probably say..

IMPORTANTE:

1.Utilizar un cronómetro para poder determinar el tiempo en tus respuestas.

2.Tener una estructura definida para contestar a este tipo de preguntas para que te sea mejor hablar con fluidez

3. Mejorar el vocabulario para poder reducir las repeticiones y pausas.

4. Utilizar conectores (en lugar de because mejor since/provided that etc..) y expresiones idiomáticas tal como piece of cake (pan comido) para destacar en tus respuestas.

 

Ejemplo de la estructura del Speaking 

In my free time I like______________.

It is (a long time, a while, etc)______________, since (I last visited, saw, etc)________.

As well, I like to____________, and___________.

I think it is fun_________, due to the fact_________.

(Conclusion)That’s why free time is important to me.

Desarrollar un tema

When I am (at the cinema, with my friends, etc.)________ , I feel (great, thrilled, etc.)________.

I wish I could (spend, stay, be with them, etc.)______ all day, and I even forget about everything else.

I enjoy (doing, hanging out, travelling, etc.)___ with  my friend (friends), because ___________.

Aquí tenéis un ejemplo para practicar

   Please tell me about your last job .

   What do you like doing in your free time?

   What’s the weather like today?

Parte 2 –  3 preguntas para contestar en un tiempo de 45 segundos.

1. Describir una imagen 

  1. 1. Describir

¿Qué ves?, ¿qué son?, ¿qué están haciendo?. ¿cómo son físicamente?, ¿a qué se parecen?, ¿cómo crees que se sienten?, ¿qué hay en el fondo de la imagen?, ¿cómo es el tiempo?, etc.

Primero siempre se empieza con una descripción general de la imagen y luego ya puedes entrar en más detalles. Sigue estas pautas para poder tener un buen speaking en el APTIS.

Ejemplos:

  • This is a picture of …    
  • There are …  on the right/left …    
  • I can see …
  1. 2 Pensar sobre la imagen
  • It must be …
  • Perhaps 
  • I suppose 
  • On the left/right … it might be + ing
  • He /She/ It must be
  • Behind  — in the middle
  • It seem to be…
  • I get the impression
  • It’s not clear whether 
  • Seemingly (aparentemente)
  1. 3 Reaccionar ante la imagen
  • It reminds me of 
  • It makes me think of 
  • I would love to 
  • I like this picture

2. Dar tu opinión

Recuerda utilizar los adverbial phrases (frases adverbiales) al comienzo de cada frase

Das tu opinión

  • I think/believe that…
  • Personally…
  • Surprisingly…

Justificas tu opinión (recuerda la lista de conectores)

  • because.. (+subject verb)
  • as…(+subject verb)
  • since… (+subject verb)
  • because of… (+noun phrase)
  • due to….(+noun phrase)
  • as a result of…. (+noun phrase)

3. Comparar tu propia situación o experiencia 

  • For me, the most important thing is to …………
  • I don’t think it really matters where you go as long as …………
  • Personally, I would prefer …………
  • Of course, the good thing about … On the other hand …
  • I wouldn’t mind + ing  …  on the other hand,

Aquí tenéis un ejemplo para practicar

Please describe this picture in detail.

When did you last attend a wedding?

Why are weddings important to the families involved?

Parte 3 – Describir, comparar & contrastar

Question 1 – Describing two pictures (Describir dos imágenes )

In the first picture, I can see… / In the other picture, there are/is…../ Looking at the (fist/second) picture I can see…/ Which may show…/ (They/He/She/) may be (verb+ing)..

Estructuras y vocabulario para comprar las dos imágenes

  • Lo que tienen en común.  Both pictures show/have  /  I think they both are (in/on/of..) / There is/are(_____) in both pictures… /Similarly in the second picture, the first picture has…

 

  • Contrastar las imagenes: There are several differences. / In the top picture is (____) whereas, in the bottom picture.. /In the picture on the right whereas , the picture on the left../ The picture of(___)is… / It looks like../ However, the picture of(___) looks like…/ They look like..

 

  • Destacar las diferencias: The main difference between the pictures is…. / The main focus of the (first/top/L/R) picture is (_____) whereas.. /After looking at these images, the biggest difference is ….

 

  • Añadir ideas: In addition… / What’s more…. / One more thing…

 

Question 2 – Structure and vocabulary for speculating (Estructura y vocabulario)

I imagine it would be….(adjective)/ I would find it… (adjective) / It might be nice to.. / I could see myself…./ Perhaps it would be / I suppose … /I guess it would be nice to …

Question 3 – Choice of a picture and a situation (Elegir una imagen o situación)

I would choose the top/ bottom situation/ image because…/ I think I’d  prefer to… (verb) because… / I think I’d prefer to (verb) because…..  /I would definitely choose to…. /  It would probably be better to… because…./ I doubt I would like to _____in picture (1/2) but I would prefer to)_____in picture (1/2)/ In my opinion (1/2) would be better… because..
Un ejemplo para practicar
     
  1. Tell me what you see in the two pictures.
  2. What would it be like to work in these two places?
  3. Which of these two places would you prefer for a holiday?

Parte 4: Conversación sobre ideas personales 

En esta parte hay una imagen para “describir”, no se trata de describir exactamente  la imagen tal como se hace en la preguntas anteriores. Esta foto solo da una pista sobre un tema concreto y de ahí hay hablar sobre tal tema y tus propias experiencias.

Tal como se expone en los puntos anteriores, aquí se presentan 3 puntos para discutir. Aquí tienes 1 minuto para prepararlo y 2 minutos para hablar

Pregunta 1: Experiencia personal

Pregunta  2: Respuesta Emocional/Opinión

How did you feel about …./ How does this____ make you feel  / Explain why you…….

Pregunta 3: Especulación/ Opinión: Why do you think…

Ejemplos

Tell me about a personal achievement or award you have received.

How did you feel about this achievement?

Do awards encourage people to do their best?

 

Tell me about a time when you had to work quickly or under pressure.

How did you manage your time effectively?

Do you think some people work better under pressure?

 

En el Salón de Idiomas queremos que apruebes tu examen con creces, por eso ponemos a tu disposición cursos intensivos durante el verano dedicados únicamente a este examen.

Puedes pasarte por nuestros Blogs para estar al tanto de las últimas novedades del examen o simplemente recibir lecciones de inglés gratuitas.

Good luck guys!

Os esperamos 🙂

Rox, Raa, Vic y Vio

Salón de Idiomas Squad

 

 

Sinónimos o synonyms en Inglés

Posted on Actualizado enn

 

Dominar una amplia variedad de palabras denota fluidez y tu nivel siempre va a parecer alto cuando dejas de utilizar siempre los mismos comodines. Para exámenes como el APTIS Advanced o el CAE o FCE donde el vocabulario cobra una importancia máximo, conocer éstas palabras te puede ayudar bastante. Así que, elige aquellos sinónimos que más te gustan y ponte a practicarlos en tu clase de inglés.

 

Acceptable

fitting, suitable, satisfactory, adequate, apropiate

Amazing 

incredible, unbelievable, improbable, fabulous, wonderful, fantastic, astonishing, astounding, extraordinary

Anger 

enrage, infuriate, arouse, nettle, exasperate, inflame, madden

Angry

mad, furious, enraged, excited, wrathful, indignant, exasperated, aroused, inflamed

Answer

reply, respond, retort, acknowledge

Ask

question, inquire of, seek information from, put a question to, demand, request, expect, inquire, query, interrogate, examine, quiz

Awful

dreadful, terrible, abominable, bad, poor, unpleasant, horrible, repulsive, despicable

 

Bad

evil, immoral, wicked, corrupt, sinful, depraved, rotten, contaminated, spoiled, tainted, harmful, injurious, unfavorable, defective, inferior, imperfect, substandard, faulty, improper, inappropriate, unsuitable, disagreeable, unpleasant, cross, nasty, unfriendly, irascible, horrible, atrocious, outrageous, scandalous, infamous, wrong, noxious, sinister, putrid, snide, deplorable, dismal, gross, heinous, nefarious, base, obnoxious, detestable, despicable, contemptible, foul, rank, ghastly, execrable

Beautiful

pretty, lovely, handsome, attractive, gorgeous, dazzling, splendid, magnificent, comely, fair, ravishing, graceful, elegant, fine, exquisite, aesthetic, pleasing, shapely, delicate, stunning, glorious, heavenly, resplendent, radiant, glowing, blooming, sparkling

Begin

start, open, launch, initiate, commence, inaugurate, originate

Big

enormous, huge, immense, gigantic, vast, colossal, gargantuan, large, sizable, grand, great, tall, substantial, mammoth, astronomical, ample, broad, expansive, spacious, stout, tremendous, titanic, mountainous

Bit

smidgen, dash, iota, pinch, shred

Boring

dull, tiresome, mundane, humdrum, monotonous

Brave

courageous, fearless, dauntless, intrepid, plucky, daring, heroic, valorous, audacious, bold, gallant, valiant, doughty, mettlesome

Break 

fracture, rupture, shatter, smash, wreck, crash, demolish, atomize

Bright

shining, shiny, gleaming, brilliant, sparkling, shimmering, radiant, vivid, colorful, lustrous, luminous, incandescent, intelligent, knowing, quick-witted, smart, intellectual

 

Calm

quiet, peaceful, still, tranquil, mild, serene, smooth, composed, collected, unruffled, level-headed, unexcited, detached, aloof

Come

approach, advance, near, arrive, reach

Cool 

chilly, cold, frosty, wintry, icy, frigid

Crooked

bent, twisted, curved, hooked, zigzag

Cry

shout, yell, yowl, scream, roar, bellow, weep, wail, sob, bawl

Cut

gash, slash, prick, nick, sever, slice, carve, cleave, slit, chop, crop, lop, reduce

 

Dangerous 

perilous, hazardous, risky, uncertain, unsafe

Dark

shadowy, unlit, murky, gloomy, dim, dusky, shaded, sunless, black, dismal, sad

Decide

determine, settle, choose, resolve

Definite

certain, sure, positive, determined, clear, distinct, obvious
Delicious
savory, delectable, appetizing, luscious, scrumptious, palatable, delightful, enjoyable, toothsome, exquisite

Describe

portray, characterize, picture, narrate, relate, recount, represent, report, record

Destroy

ruin, demolish, raze, waste, kill, slay, end, extinguish

Difference

disagreement, inequity, contrast, dissimilarity, incompatibility

Difficult

challenging, daunting, taxing, tough, tricky

Do

execute, enact, carry out, finish, conclude, effect, accomplish, achieve, attain

Dull

boring, tiring„ tiresome, uninteresting, slow, dumb, stupid, unimaginative, lifeless, dead, insensible, tedious, wearisome, listless, expressionless, plain, monotonous, humdrum, dreary

 

Eager

keen, fervent, enthusiastic, involved, interested, alive to

Easy

simple, child’s play, straightforward, effortless, uncomplicated

End

stop, finish, terminate, conclude, close, halt, cessation, discontinuance

Enjoy

appreciate, delight in, be pleased, indulge in, luxuriate in, bask in, relish, devour, savor, like

Essential

crucial, critical, vital, integral, indispensable,

Excellent

magnificent, phenomenal, top-notch, world-class, outstanding

Excess

glut, plethora, wealth, surplus, overabundance

Explain

elaborate, clarify, define, interpret, justify, account for

 

Fair

just, impartial, unbiased, objective, unprejudiced, honest

Fall

drop, descend, plunge, topple, tumble

False

fake, fraudulent, counterfeit, spurious, untrue, unfounded, erroneous, deceptive, groundless, fallacious

Famous

well-known, renowned, celebrated, famed, eminent, illustrious, distinguished, noted, notorious

Fast

quick, rapid, speedy, fleet, hasty, snappy, mercurial, swiftly, rapidly, quickly, snappily, speedily, lickety-split, posthaste, hastily, expeditiously, like a flash

Fat

stout, corpulent, fleshy, beefy, paunchy, plump, full, rotund, tubby, pudgy, chubby, chunky, burly, bulky, elephantine

Fear

fright, dread, terror, alarm, dismay, anxiety, scare, awe, horror, panic, apprehension

Fly

soar, hover, flit, wing, flee, waft, glide, coast, skim, sail, cruise

Funny

humorous, amusing, droll, comic, comical, laughable, silly

 

Get 

acquire, obtain, secure, procure, gain, fetch, find, score, accumulate, win, earn, rep, catch, net, bag, derive, collect, gather, glean, pick up, accept, come by, regain, salvage

Go

recede, depart, fade, disappear, move, travel, proceed

Good

excellent, fine, superior, wonderful, marvelous, qualified, suited, suitable, apt, proper, capable, generous, kindly, friendly, gracious, obliging, pleasant, agreeable, pleasurable, satisfactory, well-behaved, obedient, honorable, reliable, trustworthy, safe, favorable, profitable, advantageous, righteous, expedient, helpful, valid, genuine, ample, salubrious, estimable, beneficial, splendid, great, noble, worthy, first-rate, top-notch, grand, sterling, superb, respectable, edifying

Great

noteworthy, worthy, distinguished, remarkable, grand, considerable, powerful, much, mighty

Gross

improper, rude, coarse, indecent, crude, vulgar, outrageous, extreme, grievous, shameful, uncouth, obscene, low

Happy

pleased, contented, satisfied, delighted, elated, joyful, cheerful, ecstatic, jubilant, gay, tickled, gratified, glad, blissful, overjoyed

Hate

despise, loathe, detest, abhor, disfavor, dislike, disapprove, abominate

Have

hold, possess, own, contain, acquire, gain, maintain, believe, bear, beget, occupy, absorb, fill, enjoy

Help

aid, assist, support, encourage, back, wait on, attend, serve, relieve, succor, benefit, befriend, abet

Hide

conceal, cover, mask, cloak, camouflage, screen, shroud, veil

Huge

colossal, gigantic, astronomical, immense, gargantuan

Hurry

rush, run, speed, race, hasten, urge, accelerate, bustle

Hurt

damage, harm, injure, wound, distress, afflict, pain

 

Idea

thought, concept, conception, notion, understanding, opinion, plan, view, belief

Important

necessary, vital, critical, indispensable, valuable, essential, significant, primary, principal, considerable, famous, distinguished, notable, well-known

Interesting

fascinating, engaging, sharp, keen, bright, intelligent, animated, spirited, attractive, inviting, intriguing, provocative, though-provoking, challenging, inspiring, involving, moving, titillating, tantalizing, exciting, entertaining, piquant, lively, racy, spicy, engrossing, absorbing, consuming, gripping, arresting, enthralling, spellbinding, curious, captivating, enchanting, bewitching, appealing

Irrelevant

inconsequential, useless, meaningless, trivial, insignificant

 

Keep

hold, retain, withhold, preserve, maintain, sustain, support

Kill 

slay, execute, assassinate, murder, destroy, cancel, abolish

 

Lazy

indolent, slothful, idle, inactive, sluggish

Little

tiny, small, diminutive, shrimp, runt, miniature, puny, exiguous, dinky, cramped, limited, itsy-bitsy, microscopic, slight, petite, minute

Look

gaze, see, glance, watch, survey, study, seek, search for, peek, peep, glimpse, stare, contemplate, examine, gape, ogle, scrutinize, inspect, leer, behold, observe, view, witness, perceive, spy, sight, discover, notice, recognize, peer, eye, gawk, peruse, explore

Love

like, admire, esteem, fancy, care for, cherish, adore, treasure, worship, appreciate, savour

 

Many

copious, abundant, numerous, ample, bountiful

Make

create, originate, invent, beget, form, construct, design, fabricate, manufacture, produce, build, develop, do, effect, execute, compose, perform, accomplish, earn, gain, obtain, acquire, get

Mark

label, tag, price, ticket, impress, effect, trace, imprint, stamp, brand, sign, note, heed, notice, designate

Mischievous

prankish, playful, naughty, roguish, waggish, impish, sportive

Move

plod, go, creep, crawl, inch, poke, drag, toddle, shuffle, trot, dawdle, walk, traipse, mosey, jog, plug, trudge, slump, lumber, trail, lag, run, sprint, trip, bound, hotfoot, high-tail, streak, stride, tear, breeze, whisk, rush, dash, dart, bolt, fling, scamper, scurry, skedaddle, scoot, scuttle, scramble, race, chase, hasten, hurry, hump, gallop, lope, accelerate, stir, budge, travel, wander, roam, journey, trek, ride, spin, slip, glide, slide, slither, coast, flow, sail, saunter, hobble, amble, stagger, paddle, slouch, prance, straggle, meander, perambulate, waddle, wobble, pace, swagger, promenade, lunge

Moody

temperamental, changeable, short-tempered, glum, morose, sullen, mopish, irritable, testy, peevish, fretful, spiteful, sulky, touchy

 

Neat

clean, orderly, tidy, trim, dapper, natty, smart, elegant, well-organized, super, desirable, spruce, shipshape, well-kept, shapely

New

fresh, unique, original, unusual, novel, modern, contemporary, current, recent, up-to-date

 

Old

feeble, frail, ancient, antiquated, archaic, weak, aged, used, worn, dilapidated, ragged, faded, broken-down, former, old-fashioned, outmoded, outdated, passé, veteran, mature, venerable, primitive, traditional, archaic, conventional, customary, stale, musty, obsolete, extinct

 

Part

portion, share, piece, allotment, section, fraction, fragment

Place

space, area, spot, plot, region, location, situation, position, residence, dwelling, set, site, station, status, state

Plan

plot, scheme, design, draw, map, diagram, procedure, arrangement, intention, device, contrivance, method, way, blueprint

Popular

well-liked, approved, accepted, favorite, celebrated, common, current

Predicament

quandary, dilemma, pickle, problem, plight, spot, scrape, jam

Put

place, set, attach, establish, assign, keep, save, set aside, effect, achieve, do, build

 

Quiet

silent, still, soundless, mute, tranquil, peaceful, calm, restful

Right

correct, accurate, factual, true, good, just, honest, upright, lawful, moral, proper, suitable, apt, legal, fair

Run

race, speed, hurry, hasten, sprint, dash, rush, escape, elope, flee

 

Say/Tell

inform, notify, advise, relate, recount, narrate, explain, reveal, disclose, divulge, declare, command, order, bid, enlighten, instruct, insist, teach, train, direct, issue, remark, converse, speak, affirm, suppose, utter, negate, express, verbalize, voice, articulate, pronounce, deliver, convey, impart, assert, state, allege, mutter, mumble, whisper, sigh, exclaim, yell, sing, yelp, snarl, hiss, grunt, snort, roar, bellow, thunder, boom, scream, shriek, screech, squawk, whine, philosophize, stammer, stutter, lisp, drawl, jabber, protest, announce, swear, vow, content, assure, deny, dispute

Scared

afraid, frightened, alarmed, terrified, panicked, fearful, unnerved, insecure, timid, shy, skittish, jumpy, disquieted, worried, vexed, troubled, disturbed, horrified, terrorized, shocked, petrified, haunted, timorous, shrinking, tremulous, stupefied, paralyzed, stunned, apprehensive

Show

display, exhibit, present, note, point to, indicate, explain, reveal, prove, demonstrate, expose

Slow

unhurried, gradual, leisurely, late, behind, tedious, slack

Smart

bright, sharp, brilliant, astute, wise

Stop

cease, halt, stay, pause, discontinue, conclude, end, finish, quit

Story

tale, myth, legend, fable, yarn, account, narrative, chronicle, epic, sage, anecdote, record, memoir

Strange

odd, peculiar, unusual, unfamiliar, uncommon, queer, weird, outlandish, curious, unique, exclusive, irregular

Strong

powerful, intense, firm, solid, potent

Stupid

dumb, idiotic, dim-witted, slow, dense

 

Take

hold, catch, seize, grasp, win, capture, acquire, pick, choose, select, prefer, remove, steal, lift, rob, engage, bewitch, purchase, buy, retract, recall, assume, occupy, consume

Tell

disclose, reveal, show, expose, uncover, relate, narrate, inform, advise, explain, divulge, declare, command, order, bid, recount, repeat

Think

judge, deem, assume, believe, consider, contemplate, reflect, mediate

Tiny

minuscule, itsy-bitsy, microscopic, dinky, minute

Trouble

distress, anguish, anxiety, worry, wretchedness, pain, danger, peril, disaster, grief, misfortune, difficulty, concern, pains, inconvenience, exertion, effort

True

accurate, right, proper, precise, exact, valid, genuine, real, actual, trusty, steady, loyal, dependable, sincere, staunch

 

Ugly

hideous, frightful, frightening, shocking, horrible, unpleasant, monstrous, terrifying, gross, grisly, ghastly, horrid, unsightly, plain, homely, evil, repulsive, repugnant, gruesome

Uncertain

doubtful, questionable, dubious, far-fetched, unproven

Unhappy

miserable, uncomfortable, wretched, heart-broken, unfortunate, poor, downhearted, sorrowful, depressed, dejected, melancholy, glum, gloomy, dismal, discouraged, sad

Use

employ, utilize, exhaust, spend, expend, consume, exercise

 

Weak

frail, feeble, shaky, flimsy, fragile

Wrong

incorrect, inaccurate, mistaken, erroneous, improper, unsuitable