Esta vez os explicamos el Reading Aptis General. Ésta consta de 4 partes y dispones de 30 minutos para poder realizar el reading completo. A lo largo del artículo, te iremos explicando una por una y te dejamos ejercicios dereadings para practicar. Las respuestas las tienes al final de cada ejercicio. Enjoy!
Partes Reading Aptis General
Debes elegir una palabra de la lista para rellenar cada hueco. Aquí tienes un ejemplo de texto a practicar:
Shillong 1) __________ north east India 2) __________ the world record yesterday for the largest number of people 3) __________ the drums together. People travelled 4) __________ long way, many 5) __________ foot, from villages in the state in order 6) __________ in.
A total of 7,951 people played the drums at 7) __________ same time, over seven hundred more than the old record.
The state now 8) __________ two world records – it is the wettest place in the world as well.
Éste modelo de reading Aptis General consta de varias frases mezcladas que juntas forman un texto lógico. Las frases no siguen un orden lógico. Tienes que organizarlas de manera que formen una historia coherente.
1. The young man sold his share of the property and left for another country.
2. The father tried to dissuade his son, but he wouldn’t listen to his father whom he regarded as old and ignorant.
3. Years went by. The younger son began to get restless because he was unhappy with his lot.
4. He led a luxurious life and spent a lot of money on gambling.
5. They were living together happily.
6. Soon all his money was gone and he became a pauper.
7. Once upon a time there lived a rich farmer.¡ called Jack.
8. He went to his father and asked for his share of the property.
9. So the father gave him a third of his property.
10. He had three sons.
Once there lived a rich farmer. He had two sons. They were living together happily. Years went by. The younger son began to get restless because he was unhappy with his lot. He went to his father and asked for his share of the property. The father tried to dissuade his son, but he wouldn’t listen to his father whom he regarded as old and ignorant. So the father gave him a third of his property. The young man sold his share of the property and left for another country. He led a luxurious life and spent a lot of money on gambling. Soon all his money was gone and he became a pauper.
En ésta parte del reading Aptis General debes eligir varias palabras de las dadas y ponerlas en el hueco correspondiente.
Put Your Phone Down By 10pm To Boost Mood
Disrupted body clocks have been linked to depression and bipolar disorder.
If you’re 1)__________ on your phone past 10pm at night, you might be heightening your risk of 2)___________disorders.
A new study by the University of Glasgow has found a disrupted 24-hour body clock, typically caused by things like checking Facebook at midnight or getting up to make a cup of tea in the middle of the night, could 3)_____________ your risk of depression and 4)___________ disorder. It was also associated with decreased happiness and health satisfaction, and a higher risk of 5)____________ loneliness.
Circadian rhythms are variations in physiology and behaviour that recur every 24-hours, such as the sleep-wake cycle and daily patterns of hormone release. They occur in plants, animals and throughout biology, and are fundamental for maintaining health in humans, particularly mental health and wellbeing.
Professor Daniel Smith, Professor of Psychiatry and senior author on the study, told The Times a 10pm cut-off with technology would give the average adult time to 6)____________ properly before sleeping, therefore giving them the chance to establish a regular sleeping 7)____________.
Interestingly it’s not just 8)____________ sleep that can upset the fine balance of your circadian rhythm, it’s also important to be active during the day and inactive at night – so that evening gym session probably isn’t for the best.
“Especially in the winter, making sure you get out in the morning in the fresh air is just as important in getting a good night’s sleep as not being on your mobile phone,” said Smith. “Benjamin Franklin said that ‘early to bed and early to 9)_________ makes a man, healthy, wealthy and wise’. There’s a lot of 10)__________ in that.”
En la última y la más retadora parte del reading Aptis tendrás que asignar los títulos dados a los párrafos correspondientes de manera que tenga lógica.
This test is in two parts, one of eight questions, the other of five. For the first part you have to read the text, and then match the paragraph headings A – H with the paragraphs 1-8. Write the letter in front of each heading into the box next to the number of the paragraph it belongs to. When you have finished the whole test press ‘Answers’ to see if you were right.
This part of the test should take 17 -20 minutes.
1. Meet Mesosaurus, a small reptile which lived in fresh-water lakes and streams millions of years ago during the lower Permain age. Mesosaurus has had a big impact on how we view our planet, because he helped to prove the existence of the super-continent called Gondwanaland.
2. Every schoolchild has probably looked at a map of the earth and noticed how Africa and South America fit together like pieces of a giant jigsaw, yet until just over a hundred and fifty years ago, no-one believed that this was more than an odd coincidence. It seemed impossible that the massive continents of the earth could ever be moved, let alone so far apart that they ended up half a planet from each other.
3. Nevertheless, in 1912 Alfred Wegener, a German meteorologist came up with the theory that the continents of the earth had all existed in a single mass, which he called Pangaea (which is Greek for ‘all the world”). Later researchers decided that Pangaea had been two continents, one to the north of the other, which had existed about 250 million years ago. From the geological evidence found in the Gondwana area of India, an Austrian geologist, Eduard Suess coined the name ‘Gondwanaland’ for the southern supercontinent, of which India was once a part. (The northern continent was called Lurasia.)
4. For many years super-continents were regarded as an interesting theory, but no-one knew how it might work in reality. Then the discovery of the mechanisms of plate tectonics showed how continents might drift across the face of the globe. Once it was accepted that the continents were floating on currents of lava, more evidence became apparent. A particular type of an early plant, the seed fern, was found on continents now scattered about the southern hemisphere of the world, as were tillates, a deposit left by glaciers in the Permo-Carboniferous era of 520 million years ago. And Mesosaurus, the little fresh-water reptile, left his remains in West Africa and Brazil. Since Mesosaurus had no way of crossing the Atlantic, researchers realized that it could not be coincidence that this reptile had left remains in exactly the place where Africa and South America fit together so neatly.
5. By investigating similarities in animal fossils, different types of plants found in the southern hemisphere but not in the northern hemisphere, and patterns of rock formations, researchers have managed to put the continents of modern-day earth together like a huge jigsaw to make up the vanished super-continent. Sometimes rock formations can be seen to break off at the ocean’s edge, to carry on once more thousands of miles away on another continent. The evidence shows that not only were Africa and South America once joined to Antartica, but so were India and Australia, parts of south Western Europe, and Florida.
6. Although Gondwanaland was located in the far southern hemisphere of the planet, where Antarctica remains today, the climate was much warmer, and we know that huge forests grew there. These forests, fossilized into coal, supply many Indians with energy today. The land animals were adapted to life on their cool continent, with its long dark winter days. Some of the best known dinosaurs, such as Stegosaurus, Triceratops, and Tyrannosaurus lived on the northern continents, but Gondwanaland also had some fearsome predators such as Abelisaurus, a large meat-eater that lived during the cretaceous period. The seas were populated with fish called placoderms, a name which they get from their skin, which was so thick that they were practically armoured.
7. The break-up of Gondwanaland had huge consequences for planet earth as we know it now. In geological terms, India has been a sprinter. Breaking from Gondwanaland the sub-continent drifted rapidly northward from the south pole, finally smashing into Asia about 45 million years ago in a collision that raised the Himalayas.
8. When South America split off about 30 million years ago the effect was even more dramatic. Cold Antarctic water no longer mixed with warmer seas when pushed northward by the south American landmass. Instead it circled the pole getting colder and colder, until Antartica lost its vegetation and animal life, and became the barren icy wilderness it is today.